No State may impose levies or duties on imports or exports without the consent of Congress, unless this is absolutely necessary for the enforcement of its inspection laws: and the net production of all duties and charges levied by a State on imports or exports shall be for the use of the United States Treasury; and all such laws are subject to scrutiny and scrutiny by Congress. Section 5. Sections 1 and 2 shall enter into force on 15 October following the ratification of this Article. In the event of the removal of the President or the death, resignation or inability to exercise the powers and functions of such office, it shall be transmitted to the Vice-President, and Congress may, by law, provide for the dismissal, death, resignation or incapacity of the President and the Vice-President. explain which officer then acts as chair, and that officer acts accordingly until the disability is revoked or a chair is elected. A number of electors of the President and Vice President equal to the total number of senators and congressmen to which the district would be entitled if it were a state, but in no case more than the least populous state; they are in addition to the votes designated by States, but are deemed to be electors designated by a State for the purpose of electing the President and Vice-President; and they shall meet in the district and perform the functions provided for in the twelfth article of the amendment. A political crisis in Rhode Island in the 1840s, the Dorr Rebellion, forced the Supreme Court to rule on the meaning of this clause. At the time, the Rhode Island Constitution was the old royal charter established in the 17th century. ==References==* Official website In the 1840s, only 40% of the free white men of the state had the right to vote.
An attempt to hold a popular convention to write a new constitution was declared an uprising by the Charter government, and congressional leaders were arrested. One of them filed a lawsuit in federal court, arguing that the Rhode Island government had no “republican” character and that his arrest (along with all other government actions) was invalid. In Luther v. Borden, the Court ruled that determining whether a state government is a legitimate republican form, as guaranteed by the Constitution, is a political issue to be resolved by Congress. In fact, the court concluded that the clause was not justiciable. The eligibility clause gives Congress the power to admit new states, but prohibits the creation of new states from parts of existing states without the consent of the states concerned. The Supreme Court has ruled that the Constitution requires all states to be admitted on an equal footing, although the admission clause does not explicitly include this requirement. The ownership clause gives Congress the power to enact laws for territories and other states. The guarantee clause states that the United States guarantees that all states have a “Republican form of government,” although it does not define that term. Article Four also requires the United States to protect any state from invasion and, at the request of a state, from “domestic violence.” Section 1. The eighteenth article of the amendment to the United States Constitution is repealed.
The Constitution is silent on whether a state can unilaterally leave or secede from the Union. However, the Supreme Court found in Texas v. White (1869) that a state cannot do this unilaterally.  Congress has the power to levy and collect income taxes from any source, without division by state and without regard to a census or enumeration. However, at the time of the election of the President, the votes shall be cast by the States, the representation of each State having one vote; A quorum for this purpose shall consist of one or more members of two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all States shall be required for an election. And if the House of Representatives does not elect a president every time the right to vote is transferred to it, before the fourth of March next year, then the vice president acts as president, as in the event of the death or other constitutional obstruction of the president – the person who has the most votes as vice president is the vice president, if that number is a majority of the total number of electors appointed and no one has a majority, the Senate shall elect the Vice-President from among the two largest numbers on the list; The quorum for this purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the total number of senators, and a majority of the total number shall be required for an election. .